For this discussion post view the video below and respond to the following questions. Once you have posted your responses, please respond to at least two other student posts. Make sure your responses to the questions as well as the other student posts are substantive. Describe the circumstances surrounding the arrival and settlement of early indigenous cultures.How does John Green (speaker in the video) define the term primitive and why are their problems using this term when describing indigenous groups?What caused the decline of indigenous groups?Why does the romanticization and generalization of indigenous groups occur?Describe the Black Legend.After viewing the information presented within the video, what topic most resonated with you and why?
next question: ESSAY #1Choose ONE of the following questions for essay #1. Your essay should average between 3 – 4 pages and include a brief introduction, the body of the essay and a brief conclusion. Use your textbook, and discussion posts to complete the essay. You should not go to outside sources. If you use a direct quote from the text make sure you cite the page. You do not have to cite lecture notes. (50 points). Due 9/28 11:59 p.m.Guidelines for Essay:Refer to specific historical events, using names of key historical figures as well as artistsMake sure you use specific terminology when discussing time period as well as work of art.For formal analysis – use artistic terms, analyze color, line, space, etc (refer back to formal elements video for assistance)Identify any iconography/symbols and their meaning and how they relate to the overall messageFor Architecture make sure you incorporate architectural terms, their origins (if known) and how they enhance the design and impact of a structure (their symbolic meaning, i.e. power, democracy, simplicity, etc.)For content (meaning/message) – include specific use, meaning of work of art or architecture and also who it ties back to the main theme of the essay question you chose.ESSAY QUESTIONSSpanish Conquest: Both Aztec and Spanish societies included individuals trained to represent political and religious beliefs in painted form. Compare and contrast the ways in which each group was trained, the kinds of imagery that they produced (style, content, medium), the ways in which these images were used, and where they appeared. In your response include at least 3 works of art and discuss formal elements and content.Syncretism in colonial communities: We have seen several examples of Spanish, French, British, Dutch (etc.) African, and Native American traditions incorporated into works of art and architecture produced within various communities of early America. Choose 3 works of art or architecture and discuss the ways in which artisans incorporated various design/artistic elements into the works they produced. In your answer you must compare and contrast the formal elements (the way it looks) as well as its origin, symbolic meaning and purpose. The essay should demonstrate the cultural and visual connections that demonstrate syncretism (mixing together of various elements).Representation of the Cultural Other: Discuss the representation of the “cultural other” as represented by European cultures arriving in the Americas. Indigenous cultures were portrayed in various forms that represent various ideas. Discuss how these individuals were portrayed (formal elements), for what purpose, what this type of representation said about the person represented, as well as how European audiences perceived this image, and how the image ties to cultural events taking place at the time. Also discuss how formal elements enhance this message. Use at least 3 examples in your answer emphasizing the purpose and visual/formal elements in relation to content/meaning.The Plantation Community: In the development of southern architecture plantation owners developed vast industrial complexes for the production of raw goods (tobacco, cotton, etc.). Hired and enslaved artisans constructed plantation homes as well as slave quarters demonstrating master craftsmanship as well as knowledge of various architectural design styles (Spanish, Indigenous, Neoclassical, African, etc.) In your response to this question, compare and contrast 3 structures, analyzing their overall design, architectural details (using terms), where the design originated, their purpose to construct and overarching view of the plantation community and the roles various people played within these communities.Feminine Communities: The development of quilt-making, bedding, embroidery and other woven art forms were produced in the U.S., specifically within feminine communities. Analyze the development of 3 different textile forms, who produced them and what type of social network was established during the production process. In your answer analyze the formal elements, the various symbols portrayed within its design, as well as the various purposes of the textiles (this includes in and outside the home) . Also make any connections to African, European or Native American cultures in relation to design or content.Many artists entered the field by painting portraits of wealthy families and significant public figures. In your essay compare and contrast 3 different artists and how they represented individuals in the Colonial, Federal and/or Neoclassical periods (paintings or sculpture). In your answer note the formal elements of each style and the unique approach of each artist. Also include a brief bio of the person represented and what message the artist was sending to the viewer by way of the portrait. Include a discussion of all the formal elements as well as any significant symbols or icons that speak to that person’s position in society.Compare and contrast Neoclassicism and Romanticism. Discuss at least 3 examples highlighting how they are an example of each style. You must demonstrate that you understand the characteristics of each style. Include in your answer a discussion of content as well as how the visual elements emphasize or are an example of that style3rd question assignment: This video critique contains some brief background information on the artist Benjamin West. After viewing the brief summary of his career, answer the questions below. Once you have posted your responses, then respond at at least two other students posts. Remember to write a substantive post and response to other students. Questions:Why did West leave the U.S.?Describe the U.S. population’s views on art during the 1800s (you will need to refer to chapter 1 of the textbook to add to this response)What subject matter did West focus on and why did he feel it was important to focus on this subject?Where did he travel to refine his style and what do these actions say about him as a person?https://youtu.be/KlnVoPn1lM4
There should be 3 different assignments each on separate documents.
culture and customs
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