The architect that I have chose is: Zaha Hadid. Please be sure to add images 🙂 and clearly follow the instructions I have provided. 1. Choose an architectural example and analyze it. Your example can be from any period and location.2. Identify and examine the year, the architect, and the building.3. Determine the kind of standard or style established for the relevant year.a. You need to present scholarly sources to support your claim.4. Analyze whether your example attempted to follow or move away from the standard of that period.5. Do you think the standard from that period reinforced your example? Or do you think your example set that standard?6. Extending from these questions, do you think we need a kind of standard for today’s architectural discourse?
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Standardization has played a critical role in architecture. Architects attempt to develop their own
standards in order to define a good architectural design. Architectural historians categorize buildings
and monuments into certain periods based on their standards. Modernism in architecture was the
product of the search for new standards and of moving away from the past. Postmodernism, in
particular, was the result of criticizing the modern standard. Le Corbusier argued that Parthenon
underwent gradual refinement over time, with many of its temples having been changed time and
again to achieve its current beauty and maintain its architectural rhythm. He called this a slow process
Standardization aims to facilitate a common measurement of all things; in this sense, standardization
has become a measuring and evaluating tool. When there is a standard, you know how you are doing
compared with others. At the same time, standardization has become a common tool used by some
architects to establish their own standards in order to dominate the profession. As can be observed, the
idea of standardization is a double-edged sword. On the one hand, standardization promotes and
reinforces what good architecture should be. On the other hand, standardization has become an ideal
tool to justify and legitimize architectural design methods and techniques, including practices of
colonial authority. Furthermore, standardization established by the architectural discourse often has
reinforced racial and social injustice and inequality. I have included some examples below.
The notion of color “White” representing purity, innocence, divine beauty, modern, and the
descendent of ancient Greek
The idea of “Polychromy” criticizing the “Whiteness” by pointing out that the Parthenon was
constructed with various colors
The concept of “Orientalism” reinforcing the European dominance over colonial nations
The 1851 Great Exhibition (The Crystal Palace, London, England) showcasing the cultural
dominance over the world
The 1889 World’s Fair (Eiffel Tower, Paris, France) showcasing the technological dominance
over the world
Le Corbusier attempting to have a new standard with the Modulor Man
Le Corbusier publishing “Towards An Architecture” pointing to the machine aesthetics as the
modern standard and asking architects and designers to update their “Eyes”
Philip Johnson and Henry-Russell Hitchcock curating “Modern Architecture: International
Exhibition” to promote the “International Style” as the modern standard
The 1934 “Redlining” policy by the Federal Housing Administration promoting a “statesponsored system of segregation”
Patrik Schumacher proposing “Parametricism” as a new “global” standard and style, defining
postmodernism and deconstructivism as “transitional episodes”
Thus, acknowledging the influence of standardization in architecture—whether it is a positive and
productive approach or a constraint that limits architects’ ability to participate in the profession—is
For this paper assignment, we will discuss the role of standardization in architecture and critically
observe how this mode of thinking has been influencing the architectural discourse and profession.
Please be guided by the following instructions:
1. Choose an architectural example and analyze it. Your example can be from any period and
2. Identify and examine the year, the architect, and the building.
3. Determine the kind of standard or style established for the relevant year.
a. You need to present scholarly sources to support your claim.
4. Analyze whether your example attempted to follow or move away from the standard of that
5. Do you think the standard from that period reinforced your example? Or do you think your
example set that standard?
6. Extending from these questions, do you think we need a kind of standard for today’s
1. You MUST have a fully working introductory paragraph with the following required
a. In one or two sentences, establish what your paper is going to be about at the beginning
of the paragraph. The thesis statement needs to show specifically what you are going to
narrate and why it is important to the field of architecture.
b. Establish the theoretical and historical contexts specific to your argument.
c. Show how you are going to support your argument with your selected materials and
d. Explain the importance of your study to today’s discourse.
All the above aspects need to be clear but concise, as you are going to unpack them in the body
of your paragraph.
2. Topic sentences for each body paragraph
a. What is the paragraph about, and how is the paragraph related to the previous one?
Support the thesis statement that you established in the introductory paragraph.
b. Your topic sentences need to be organized in order to clearly present and support your
a. How can we understand the role of standardization today, 2021, in the field of
b. Did your position on the role of standardization in architecture changed throughout the
assignment? If so, why?
4. Bibliography and Footnotes (Reference Section and Endnotes)
Please note that you need to include all the above-indicated components. Failing to do so will result in
a full letter grade penalty.
Times New Roman, 12 ft, 1” margin on all sides
Give citations for all quotes and data with Chicago Style humanities footnotes or endnotes
Please do not share google doc link.
Please do not send me PDF files.
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Heydar Aliyev Cultural Center Architecture
standard or style in Buildings
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