UCSD Simple History Federalists and Republicans Discussion

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Watch the video on Alexander Hamilton, and read the textbook sections as well as the primary sources by Jefferson and Washington. Using ONLY these sources, answer the following question, in two paragraphs:Based on your reading of the textbook and your viewing of the video clips, write one paragraph explaining, in your own words, the key differences between Federalists and Republicans in the 1790s. Then, in a second paragraph, discuss the documents by Thomas Jefferson and George Washington. Based on the evidence in the documents, was Jefferson a Federalist or a Republican, or neither? What about Washington? Use evidence from the sources to support your answer.https://hermes.csusm.edu/Mediasite/Play/f9f93407d9…

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Thomas Jefferson, Notes on the State of Virginia (1781-82).
Manufactures
We never had an interior trade of any importance. Our exterior
commerce has suffered very much from the beginning of the
present contest. During this time we have manufactured within our
families the most necessary articles of cloathing. Those of cotton
will bear some comparison with the same kinds of manufacture in
Europe; but those of wool, flax and hemp are very coarse,
unsightly, and unpleasant: and such is our attachment to
agriculture, and such our preference for foreign manufactures, that
be it wise or unwise, our people will certainly return as soon as
they can, to the raising raw materials, and exchanging them for
finer manufactures than they are able to execute themselves.
The political oeconomists of Europe have established it as a
principle that every state should endeavour to manufacture for
itself: and this principle, like many others, we transfer to America,
without calculating the difference of circumstance which should
often produce a difference of result. In Europe the lands are either
cultivated, or locked up against the cultivator. Manufacture must
therefore be resorted to of necessity not of choice, to support the
surplus of their people. But we have an immensity of land courting
the industry of the husbandman. Is it best then that all our citizens
should be employed in its improvement, or that one half should be
called off from that to exercise manufactures and handicraft arts
for the other?
Those who labour in the earth are the chosen people of God, if ever
he had a chosen people, whose breasts he has made his peculiar
deposit for substantial and genuine virtue. It is the focus in which
he keeps alive that sacred fire, which otherwise might escape from
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the face of the earth. Corruption of morals in the mass of
cultivators is a phaenomenon of which no age nor nation has
furnished an example. It is the mark set on those, who not looking
up to heaven, to their own soil and industry, as does the
husbandman, for their subsistance, depend for it on the casualties
and caprice of customers. Dependance begets subservience and
venality, suffocates the germ of virtue, and prepares fit tools for
the designs of ambition. This, the natural progress and
consequence of the arts, has sometimes perhaps been retarded by
accidental circumstances: but, generally speaking, the proportion
which the aggregate of the other classes of citizens bears in any
state to that of its husbandmen, is the proportion of its unsound to
its healthy parts, and is a good-enough barometer whereby to
measure its degree of corruption. While we have land to labour
then, let us never wish to see our citizens occupied at a workbench, or twirling a distaff. Carpenters, masons, smiths, are
wanting in husbandry: but, for the general operations of
manufacture, let our work-shops remain in Europe.
It is better to carry provisions and materials to workmen there, than
bring them to the provisions and materials, and with them their
manners and principles. The loss by the transportation of
commodities across the Atlantic will be made up in happiness and
permanence of government. The mobs of great cities add just so
much to the support of pure government, as sores do to the strength
of the human body. It is the manners and spirit of a people which
preserve a republic in vigour. A degeneracy in these is a canker
which soon eats to the heart of its laws and constitution.
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Explanation & Answer:
500 words

2 Paragraphs

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thomas jefferson

Federalists and Republicans

Simple History

Notes on the State of Virginia

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